Can Unconventional Immunomodulatory Agents Help Alleviate COVID-19 Symptoms and Severity?

ABSTRACT Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of the respiratory infection known as COVID-19. From an immunopathological standpoint, coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV-2 induce increased levels of a variety of T-helper 1 (Th1) and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, including interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, CCL2 protein, and CXCL10 protein. In…

The Functional Medicine Approach to COVID-19: Additional Research on Nutraceuticals and Botanicals

In this paper, the Institute for Functional Medicine (IFM) added to the list of nutraceuticals and botanicals introduced earlier in their first article, The Functional Medicine Approach to COVID-19: Virus-Specific Nutraceutical and Botanical Agents. Periodically, IFM will update the original list to highlight other agents that may be considered as complementary treatments against COVID-19. Along…