KARA FITZGERALD, ND completed a post-doctorate in nutritional biochemistry/laboratory science with Richard Lord, Ph.D. Author: Case Studies in Integrative and Functional Medicine, contributing author: Laboratory Evaluations for Integrative and Functional Medicine; IFM’s Textbook for Functional Medicine. She lectures globally on functional medicine; is on faculty at IFM and practices in Connecticut.

Organs targeted by ACE-2-utilizing viruses like COVID-19

This infographic from Scientist illustrating the many organs that the virus can gain entry to using ACE2 or TMRPSS2 receptors (definitive evidence for viral presence in the various organs is still being established, but the presence of the receptors provides a road map for investigation). Certainly this influences the wide variety of COVID presentations we…

Sponsored | The Ultimate Metabolomics Panel for Clinicians with Dr. Betsy Redmond

New Frontiers in Functional Medicine® Podcast Sponsors Dr. Kara Fitzgerald is eternally grateful to our sponsors who, by blogging, podcasting and advertising with us, enable me and my team to devote energy and time to writing and publication. Sponsored | The Ultimate Metabolomics Panel for Clinicians New Frontiers in Functional Medicine® with Dr. Kara Fitzgerald…

Can Unconventional Immunomodulatory Agents Help Alleviate COVID-19 Symptoms and Severity?

ABSTRACT Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of the respiratory infection known as COVID-19. From an immunopathological standpoint, coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV-2 induce increased levels of a variety of T-helper 1 (Th1) and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, including interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, CCL2 protein, and CXCL10 protein. In…

The Functional Medicine Approach to COVID-19: Additional Research on Nutraceuticals and Botanicals

In this paper, the Institute for Functional Medicine (IFM) added to the list of nutraceuticals and botanicals introduced earlier in their first article, The Functional Medicine Approach to COVID-19: Virus-Specific Nutraceutical and Botanical Agents. Periodically, IFM will update the original list to highlight other agents that may be considered as complementary treatments against COVID-19. Along…

New COVID-19 Peer-Reviewed Publication – Natural Interventions for All Four Phases of the COVID Disease Lifecycle

I am honored to have contributed to this important publication on interventions for all four potential phases of COVID-19 – prevention, infection, inflammation and recovery. In this paper, intended for healthcare professionals, we address: Five key support targets: foundation, Natural Killer cell support, T Helper Type 1 cell support, Anti-inflammatory Support, Anti-Oxidant Support Why underlying…

Furin

The Furin Protease Connection: From SARS CoV-2 and Anthrax, to Diabetes and Hypertension

Earlier this year, Coutard et al proposed that the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein (S) contains a furin cleavage complex (FCC) which was likely playing a role in the pathogenicity of this particular virus. Fast forward a few weeks, and some further connections can be made with relevance for how we might interpret risk and choose interventions…